What Is Monkeypox Virus, Which Is Feared To Turn Into An Epidemic, What Are Its Symptoms?

monkeypox (monkey pox) is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. monkeypox virus, poxvirus It belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus in the family. The genus orthopoxvirus also variola virus (causing smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in smallpox vaccine) and cowpox viruscontains nudes.

monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a smallpox-like disease occurred in monkey colonies held for research, so „monkey flowerThe first case of monkeypox in humans was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, central and western states such as Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone have Cases of monkeypox have been reported in African countries, with the majority of infections occurring in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The natural reservoir of the monkey flower is unknown. however, African rodents and non-human primates (such as monkeys) can harbor the virus and infect humans.

signs and symptoms

In humans, monkeypox symptoms are similar to, but milder than, smallpox symptoms. monkeypox begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. The main difference between the symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox is that monkeypox causes swelling of the lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy) while smallpox does not cause it. The incubation period for monkeypox is usually 7-14 days but can range from 5-21 days.

this is how the disease starts

– fire
– headache
– muscle pains
– back pain
– swollen lymph nodes
– trembling
– tiredness

1 to 3 days (sometimes longer) after the onset of fever, the patient develops a rash that usually starts on the face and spreads to other parts of the body.

Lesions go through the following stages before falling off: reasonable, papule, vesicle, pustule, shell. (For those who do not want to look at what they are one by one; it starts with redness, blisters, inflames, crusts and heals.)

The illness typically lasts 2-4 weeks. Monkey pox has been shown to cause death in 1 out of every 10 people caught in Africa.


It is transmitted by contact with a contaminated animal, person or material. the virus enters the body through cracks in the skin (even if it is not visible), the respiratory tract or mucous membranes (eyes, nose or mouth). animal-to-human transmission, biting or scratching, wild animal meat (bushmeat), body fluids or direct contact with lesion material, or indirect contact with lesion material such as contaminated nests.

Human-to-human transmission is thought to occur via droplets. respiratory droplets usually cannot move very much, so transmission requires prolonged face-to-face contact. Other methods of human-to-human transmission include direct contact with bodily fluids or lesion material, and indirect contact with lesion material such as contaminated clothing or linens.

The reservoir host (main disease carrier) of monkeypox is still unknown, but African rodents are suspected to play a role in transmission. The virus that causes monkeypox has been isolated (isolated) from an animal only twice in nature. In the first example (1985), the virus was obtained from a sick Congo string squirrel in the equatorial region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. in the second (2012) the virus is a dead baby found in ivory coast tai national park mangabeyisolated from.

There are a number of measures that can be taken to prevent infection with the monkeypox virus.

– avoid contact with animals that may harbor the virus. (including animals found sick or dead in areas where monkeypox occurs.)
– avoid contact with any material that has come into contact with a sick animal.
– isolate infected patients from others who may be at risk of infection.
– after contact with infected animals or people, wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
– use personal protective equipment when dealing with patients.

* fda approved by, jynneos The use of an inactivated vaccine (commercially called imvamune or imvanex) in people at risk of occupational exposure to monkeypox virus is being evaluated by the immunization practices advisory committee.


There is no proven, safe treatment for monkeypox virus infection. Smallpox vaccine, antivirals, and vaccinia virus antibody can be used to control an outbreak of monkeypox.

source: cdc

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